【雅思备考】雅思写作中的论述有哪些要求? 什么叫摆事实、讲道理!

  • A+

【雅思备考】雅思写作中的论述有哪些要求? 什么叫摆事实、讲道理!

Q: 雅思写作中的论述有哪些要求? 什么叫摆事实、讲道理!

A:

雅思的学术写作,要求的摆事实、讲道理。

事实,需要是确凿的事实;道理,必须是符合逻辑的道理。

回顾上一个例子:

As water is a valuable resource, governments all over the world should control how much water their citizens use. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?

开头段:

It is universally acknowledged that water has been considered as one of the most valuable resources on earth. …

主体段一:

Nowadays, the consumption of water tends to soar due to the growing population and the increasing demand in agriculture and industry. Consequently, …

主体段二:

However, some people object to the intervention from government and believe citizens have the right to use water as they want. In general, the main concern is that the limitation of water use may lower the living standard and cause inconveniences in daily lives. In other words, …

本段引用他人观点作为论证的论据,而不是基于事实和逻辑。

再看一个例子:

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems. To what extent do you agree or disagree? What other measures do you think might be effective?

一个同学的作文,是这样的:

It is fair to say that increasing the price of petrol could reduce the frequency of vehicles use, to some degree, to avoid traffic congestion. Nevertheless, it seems to change a little. For one thing, even though the use frequency decreases, the incomplete traffic system still exists, such as imperfect traffic rules, misbehaviors from individuals and improper arrangements of traffic signals or overpasses. …

这段论述有什么问题?

这段论述中,为论述提高燃油价格的局限性,提出了交通和污染问题的其它原因,如交通系统的不完善。

但the incomplete traffic system still exists, … 在逻辑上,意味着traffic system 一直不完善。而这并不是确凿的事实。在表达上,是一种overgeneralization。


本文由优加雅思写作主讲 Alan老师提供,更多雅思备考资料,访问优加雅思官网www.dlyjjy.com雅思备考系列文章。

【雅思备考】雅思写作中的论述有哪些要求? 什么叫摆事实、讲道理!

本文受著作权保护,特此声明:禁止任何媒体、网站或个人在未经书面授权的情况下违法转载或使用。

  • 添加Jeff老师
  • 索取各类雅思资料
  • weinxin
  • 了解剑桥KET考试
  • 关注“舅这么学英语”
  • weinxin
avatar