雅思口语常见惯用搭配错误

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雅思口语常见惯用搭配错误

从小学英文,我们最常问英文老师“为什么”,老师最常回复的一句是“没有为什么,固定搭配”,所以每次我们一听到固定搭配,就忍不住翻白眼。

固定搭配,或者说惯用搭配,英文是collocation,到底什么是collocation,也就是听起来放在一起觉得对的词(words that just sound good together) 。

以前有外国朋友跟我说“达成习惯”,我说你不能这么说,听起来怪怪的,你应该说“养成习惯”,他问“为什么”,我把听了二十来年的“没有为什么”还给了他。。。

下面就是我们在口语中常见的搭配错误,不要问为什么!因为听起来怪怪的。

a slight decrease / increase NOT a little decrease / increase

a substantial decrease / increase NOT a strong decrease / increase

Exports were five times greater than imports. Exports were five times larger than imports.

 

He has high computer skills. He has good / advanced computer skills.
He has a high education. He is highly educated.
He has a good level of education.
A secretary with high qualification is required. A well-qualified secretary is required.
A secretary with good qualification is required.
He has a high knowledge of English. He has a good / an advanced knowledge of English.

 

He has a large knowledge of all subjects. He has an extensive / a comprehensive knowledge of all subjects.
He has big / great / wide experience of teaching. He has considerable experience of teaching.
He managed to get a good relationship with his boss. He managed to establish / develop a good relationship with his boss.
Mr. Day is a very appreciated member of staff. Mr. Day is a highly valued member of staff.
I hope I didn’t bring you any trouble. I hope I didn’t cause you any trouble / put you to any trouble.
I’m very looking forward to seeing you. I’m really / very much looking forward to seeing you.
I strongly hope you will apologize. I sincerely / very much hope you will apologize.
It’s a big pleasure to hear from you again. It’s a great pleasure to hear from you again.

上述举例内容摘自《剑桥高级英语惯用搭配》一书,了解更多内容可详细阅读原文。

补充内容:

Q:什么是搭配?

A:搭配是经常在一起使用的一对或一组词。如果有人说“she's got yellow hair",人们也许能够明白其意思,但是这种搭配在英语中并不常见。因为我们经常会说“she's got blond hair"。

换句话说,在日常英语中,yellow不与hair搭配使用,而是经常会和flowers,paint等一起使用。

Q:为什么说在雅思考试中,正确的使用搭配很重要?

A:使用正确的搭配,会让你在雅思口语考试中,少犯错误,语言显得更准确自然,让考官觉得你的英语表达地道而流利。

在雅思写作中,掌握了准确的搭配在用词方面你将会有更多的选择,而不必再重复使用类似very,good或者nice这样的日常用词。使用准确的搭配写出来的句子,会让你的分数更高;

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